YIẒḤAKI, ABRAHAM BEN DAVID


YIẒḤAKI, ABRAHAM BEN DAVID
YIẒḤAKI, ABRAHAM BEN DAVID (1661–1729), rabbi, halakhic authority, and kabbalist. Born in Jerusalem, Yiẓḥaki was the grandson of the kabbalist, abraham b. mordecai azulai , and son-in-law of Abraham Israel Zeevi, a scholar of Hebron. He studied Talmud under moses b. jonathan galante , and Kabbalah together with Joseph Bialer, grandfather of Ḥ.J.D. Azulai . He was chief rabbi of Jerusalem, Rishon le-Zion, by 1708, and held the position until his death. He also headed a yeshivah. Among his disciples were Moses Ḥagiz , isaac ha-kohen rapoport , and Isaac Zerahiah Azulai. At the beginning of his rabbinate, the inhabitants of Jerusalem suffered from the heavy burden of taxation placed upon them by the government. To ameliorate the situation, Yiẓḥaki went to various European countries and to Turkey as an emissary of the community (1709–16). In 1708, as head of the Jerusalem rabbis, he signed a declaration against the Shabbatean Nehemiah Ḥayon , and during his journey he vigorously opposed the propaganda conducted by Ḥayon and miguel abraham cardozo . On reaching Amsterdam in 1712, he encouraged Moses Ḥagiz and Ẓevi Ashkenazi (Ḥakham Ẓevi) to oppose Ḥayon, who came to Amsterdam in 1713. His father, David Yiẓḥaki, on the other hand, was a foremost supporter of Shabbetai Ẓevi . On returning to Jerusalem, Yiẓḥaki devoted himself to teaching and writing. Some time later, when the situation of Jerusalem deteriorated and his safety was endangered, he was compelled to flee to Hebron, but later returned to Jerusalem, where he died. He was the author of the responsa Zera Avraham (2 pts.; Smyrna and Constantinople, 1732–33). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Frumkin-Rivlin, 2 (1928), 153–6: Yaari, Sheluḥei, 353 8; Benayahu, in: KS, 28 (1952/53), 33; Toledano, in: Yerushalayim, 4 (1953), 215–6; Scholem, Shabbetai Ẓevi, 1 (1957), 199–200; M. Benayahu, Rabbi Ḥayyim Yosef David Azulai (Heb. 1959), index; Friedman, in: Sefunot, 10 (1966), 490–1. (Avraham Yaari)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rabbi Salomon Ben Isaac — Rachi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Salomon ben Isaac — Rachi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nathan ben Jehiel — of Rome (Hebrew: נתן בן יחיאל מרומי; Nathan ben Y ḥiel Mi Romi according to Sephardic pronunciation) (c. 1035–1106) was a Jewish Italian lexicographer. He was born in Rome not later than 1035 to one of the most notable Roman families of Jewish… …   Wikipedia

  • ALGAZI, (Nissim) SOLOMON BEN ABRAHAM — (1610?– c. 1683), rabbi. Algazi, the grandson of joseph de segovia benveniste , was born in Borsa. He studied under his father and the poet Joseph Ganso, as well as Joseph Sasson and meir de boton at their yeshivah in Gallipoli. Algazi settled in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • GALANTE, MOSES BEN JONATHAN (II) — (1620–1689), Jerusalem rabbi. Galante was called Ha Rav ha Magen after his major work Elef ha Magen which includes one thousand responsa and cases (unpublished). He was the grandson of Moses b. mordecai galante . He studied in Safed and later… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MEYUḤAS, RAPHAEL MEYUḤAS BEN SAMUEL — (1695?–1771), chief rabbi (rishon le Zion) of jerusalem . Meyuḥas was born in Jerusalem and studied in the yeshivah Bet Ya akov, which he subsequently headed. In 1723 when the troubles of the Jewish community of Jerusalem were aggravated because… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ḤAYON, NEHEMIAH ḤIYYA BEN MOSES — (c. 1655–c. 1730), kabbalist with Shabbatean tendencies. Because of the bitter dispute which centered around Ḥayon, the information about his life is full of contradictions and must be sifted critically. His ancestors came from Sarajevo, Bosnia.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • NATHAN BEN JEHIEL OF ROME — (1035–c. 1110), Italian lexicographer, also called Ba al he Arukh ( the author of the Arukh ) after the title of his lexicon. Few biographical details are known of him. Some state that he belonged to the de pomis or Delli Mansi family, but the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Rachi De Champagne — Rachi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rachi de Troyes — Rachi …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.